A recent event at a Taiwanese school, in which students held a mock Nazi parade, led to an international outcry and forced the resignation of the school’s principal as well as prompting a public apology from the school.
Students give the “Heil Hitler” salute and carry Nazi banners and insignia in photos posted to the internet, which also show a cardboard tank with German military markings.
The Taiwan incident is not unique in Asia though — Thailand, South Korea and Indonesia are just some of the countries which have made headlines in recent years for similar controversies.
This is because some young Asians just don’t see Nazi uniforms the same way their Western peers do, says an expert.
The appeal of ‘Nazi chic’
Institute for Security and Development Policy Non-Resident Research Fellow Elliot Brennan told CNN for the majority of Asian countries Nazi Germany doesn’t have the same historical meaning as for Westerners.
“The outcry over the Nazi costumes in Taiwan, while obviously offensive to those educated on this terrible period in history, should remind us of the dangers of cultural relativism,” he said.
“For East Asian countries, World War II was not about the Nazis or Hitler but rather the Imperial Japanese forces. Comparatively little time is spent in Asian countries studying World War II Germany than in Europe or North America.”
Brennan said Nazi outfits and regalia often have a more punk or anti-establishment meaning in Asia, rather than a political or historical one.
“‘Nazi chic’, as it has become known, is an expression of subversion and its wearers in Asia are largely ignorant of its historical underpinnings,” he said.
Taiwanese political blogger Michael Turton told CNN in the 20 years he’d lived in the country he’d often seen locals putting Nazi paraphernalia on their vehicles or using it in advertisements.
“(But) it’s not like we don’t do that in our own culture — how many people have Che Guevara t-shirts or Mao Zedong hats?” he said.
Turton said he asked his students why it was okay to wear Hitler outfits but not Mao ones. “The kids explained to me Hitler failed. That’s why it’s okay,” he said.
That doesn’t mean it wasn’t offensive to anyone, however.
Israel’s representative in Taipei, Asher Yarden, said on the mission’s Facebook page that he found the parade photos “deplorable and shocking.”
“We strongly condemn this tasteless occurrence and call on the Taiwanese authorities, in all levels, to initiate educational programs which would introduce the meaning of the Holocaust and teach its history and universal meaning,” he said.
Both President Tsai Ing-wen’s office and the Minister for Education Pan Wen-chung condemned the school’s parade, saying they would cut subsidies for the school.
Asia’s long history of Nazi controversies
The Taiwanese Nazi parade wasn’t even the first such incident in Asia in 2016.
Less than two months ago, Sony Music had to apologize after Japanese girl band Keyakizaka46 wore black capes and hats similar to the SS uniform during a stage performance.
They weren’t the first band to be forced into an apology for Nazi-like outfits either.
In late 2014 a South Korean pop group Pritz said they never intended to look like Nazis when they dressed in black shirts with red armbands in a music video.
In the same year, Indonesian pop star Ahmad Dhani dressed up in a uniform not dissimilar to those worn by former SS officers in a music video promoting presidential candidate Prabowo Subianto.
He said he didn’t really think about the costume before wearing it and apologized.
In 2011 a Chiang Mai school had to apologize after its students were photographed dressing Nazi regalia, complete with Nazi flags and armbands, for a parade.
They later explained it was for one group’s theme for a sports day.